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2010


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Reach to grasp actions in rhesus macaques: Dimensionality reduction of hand, wrist, and upper arm motor subspaces using principal component analysis

Vargas-Irwin, C., Franquemont, L., Shakhnarovich, G., Yadollahpour, P., Black, M., Donoghue, J.

2010 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner, Society for Neuroscience, 2010, Online (conference)

[BibTex]

2010

[BibTex]


Thumb xl nips2010layersimagesmall
Layered image motion with explicit occlusions, temporal consistency, and depth ordering

Sun, D., Sudderth, E., Black, M. J.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 23 (NIPS), pages: 2226-2234, MIT Press, 2010 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Layered models are a powerful way of describing natural scenes containing smooth surfaces that may overlap and occlude each other. For image motion estimation, such models have a long history but have not achieved the wide use or accuracy of non-layered methods. We present a new probabilistic model of optical flow in layers that addresses many of the shortcomings of previous approaches. In particular, we define a probabilistic graphical model that explicitly captures: 1) occlusions and disocclusions; 2) depth ordering of the layers; 3) temporal consistency of the layer segmentation. Additionally the optical flow in each layer is modeled by a combination of a parametric model and a smooth deviation based on an MRF with a robust spatial prior; the resulting model allows roughness in layers. Finally, a key contribution is the formulation of the layers using an image dependent hidden field prior based on recent models for static scene segmentation. The method achieves state-of-the-art results on the Middlebury benchmark and produces meaningful scene segmentations as well as detected occlusion regions.

main paper supplemental material paper and supplemental material in one pdf file Project Page [BibTex]


Thumb xl eccv2010b
Manifold Valued Statistics, Exact Principal Geodesic Analysis and the Effect of Linear Approximations

Stefan Sommer, Francois Lauze, Soren Hauberg, Mads Nielsen

In Computer Vision – ECCV 2010, 6316, pages: 43-56, (Editors: Daniilidis, Kostas and Maragos, Petros and Paragios, Nikos), Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010 (inproceedings)

Publishers site PDF [BibTex]

Publishers site PDF [BibTex]


Thumb xl cvgpu2010
GPU Accelerated Likelihoods for Stereo-Based Articulated Tracking

Rune Mollegaard Friborg, Soren Hauberg, Kenny Erleben

In The CVGPU workshop at European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) 2010, 2010 (inproceedings)

PDF [BibTex]

PDF [BibTex]


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Unsupervised learning of a low-dimensional non-linear representation of motor cortical neuronal ensemble activity using Spatio-Temporal Isomap

Kim, S., Tsoli, A., Jenkins, O., Simeral, J., Donoghue, J., Black, M.

2010 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner, Society for Neuroscience, 2010, Online (conference)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Thumb xl segmentation miccai10
3D Knowledge-Based Segmentation Using Pose-Invariant Higher-Order Graphs

Wang, C., Teboul, O., Michel, F., Essafi, S., Paragios, N.

In International Conference, Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), 2010 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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Vision-Based Automated Recognition of Mice Home-Cage Behaviors.

Jhuang, H., Garrote, E., Edelman, N., Poggio, T., Steele, A., Serre, T.

Workshop: Visual Observation and Analysis of Animal and Insect Behavior, in conjunction with International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR) , 2010 (conference)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl thumb screen shot 2012 10 06 at 11.52.35 am
Hands in action: real-time 3D reconstruction of hands in interaction with objects

Romero, J., Kjellström, H., Kragic, D.

In IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages: 458-463, 2010 (inproceedings)

Pdf Project Page [BibTex]

Pdf Project Page [BibTex]


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Orientation and direction selectivity in the population code of the visual thalamus

Stanley, G., Jin, J., Wang, Y., Desbordes, G., Black, M., Alonso, J.

COSYNE, 2010 (conference)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Thumb xl brightchannel
Estimating Shadows with the Bright Channel Cue

Panagopoulos, A., Wang, C., Samaras, D., Paragios, N.

In Color and Reflectance in Imaging and Computer Vision Workshop (CRICV) (in conjunction with ECCV 2010), 2010 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl shapematching cvpr10
Dense non-rigid surface registration using high-order graph matching

Zeng, Y., Wang, C., Wang, Y., Gu, X., Samaras, D., Paragios, N.

In IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2010 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl screen shot 2012 02 23 at 5.52.02 pm
Computational Mechanisms for the motion processing in visual area MT

Jhuang, H., Serre, T., Poggio, T.

Society for Neuroscience, 2010 (conference)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl thumb screen shot 2012 10 06 at 11.56.17 am
Spatio-Temporal Modeling of Grasping Actions

Romero, J., Feix, T., Kjellström, H., Kragic, D.

In IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS, pages: 2103-2108, 2010 (inproceedings)

Pdf Project Page [BibTex]

Pdf Project Page [BibTex]

2006


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Finding directional movement representations in motor cortical neural populations using nonlinear manifold learning

WorKim, S., Simeral, J., Jenkins, O., Donoghue, J., Black, M.

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006, Seoul, Korea, August 2006 (conference)

[BibTex]

2006

[BibTex]


Thumb xl spikes
A non-parametric Bayesian approach to spike sorting

Wood, F., Goldwater, S., Black, M. J.

In International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS, pages: 1165-1169, New York, NY, August 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl amdo
Predicting 3D people from 2D pictures

(Best Paper)

Sigal, L., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IV Conf. on Articulated Motion and DeformableObjects (AMDO), LNCS 4069, pages: 185-195, July 2006 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We propose a hierarchical process for inferring the 3D pose of a person from monocular images. First we infer a learned view-based 2D body model from a single image using non-parametric belief propagation. This approach integrates information from bottom-up body-part proposal processes and deals with self-occlusion to compute distributions over limb poses. Then, we exploit a learned Mixture of Experts model to infer a distribution of 3D poses conditioned on 2D poses. This approach is more general than recent work on inferring 3D pose directly from silhouettes since the 2D body model provides a richer representation that includes the 2D joint angles and the poses of limbs that may be unobserved in the silhouette. We demonstrate the method in a laboratory setting where we evaluate the accuracy of the 3D poses against ground truth data. We also estimate 3D body pose in a monocular image sequence. The resulting 3D estimates are sufficiently accurate to serve as proposals for the Bayesian inference of 3D human motion over time

pdf pdf from publisher Video [BibTex]

pdf pdf from publisher Video [BibTex]


Thumb xl specular
Specular flow and the recovery of surface structure

Roth, S., Black, M.

In Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR, 2, pages: 1869-1876, New York, NY, June 2006 (inproceedings)

Abstract
In scenes containing specular objects, the image motion observed by a moving camera may be an intermixed combination of optical flow resulting from diffuse reflectance (diffuse flow) and specular reflection (specular flow). Here, with few assumptions, we formalize the notion of specular flow, show how it relates to the 3D structure of the world, and develop an algorithm for estimating scene structure from 2D image motion. Unlike previous work on isolated specular highlights we use two image frames and estimate the semi-dense flow arising from the specular reflections of textured scenes. We parametrically model the image motion of a quadratic surface patch viewed from a moving camera. The flow is modeled as a probabilistic mixture of diffuse and specular components and the 3D shape is recovered using an Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Rather than treating specular reflections as noise to be removed or ignored, we show that the specular flow provides additional constraints on scene geometry that improve estimation of 3D structure when compared with reconstruction from diffuse flow alone. We demonstrate this for a set of synthetic and real sequences of mixed specular-diffuse objects.

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl balaniccv06
An adaptive appearance model approach for model-based articulated object tracking

Balan, A., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR, 1, pages: 758-765, New York, NY, June 2006 (inproceedings)

Abstract
The detection and tracking of three-dimensional human body models has progressed rapidly but successful approaches typically rely on accurate foreground silhouettes obtained using background segmentation. There are many practical applications where such information is imprecise. Here we develop a new image likelihood function based on the visual appearance of the subject being tracked. We propose a robust, adaptive, appearance model based on the Wandering-Stable-Lost framework extended to the case of articulated body parts. The method models appearance using a mixture model that includes an adaptive template, frame-to-frame matching and an outlier process. We employ an annealed particle filtering algorithm for inference and take advantage of the 3D body model to predict self occlusion and improve pose estimation accuracy. Quantitative tracking results are presented for a walking sequence with a 180 degree turn, captured with four synchronized and calibrated cameras and containing significant appearance changes and self-occlusion in each view.

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl silly
Measure locally, reason globally: Occlusion-sensitive articulated pose estimation

Sigal, L., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR, 2, pages: 2041-2048, New York, NY, June 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl biorob
Statistical analysis of the non-stationarity of neural population codes

Kim, S., Wood, F., Fellows, M., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

In BioRob 2006, The first IEEE / RAS-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, pages: 295-299, Pisa, Italy, Febuary 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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How to choose the covariance for Gaussian process regression independently of the basis

Franz, M., Gehler, P.

In Proceedings of the Workshop Gaussian Processes in Practice, 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl screen shot 2012 06 06 at 11.30.03 am
The rate adapting poisson model for information retrieval and object recognition

Gehler, P. V., Holub, A. D., Welling, M.

In Proceedings of the 23rd international conference on Machine learning, pages: 337-344, ICML ’06, ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2006 (inproceedings)

project page pdf DOI [BibTex]

project page pdf DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl iwcm
Tracking complex objects using graphical object models

Sigal, L., Zhu, Y., Comaniciu, D., Black, M. J.

In International Workshop on Complex Motion, LNCS 3417, pages: 223-234, Springer-Verlag, 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf pdf from publisher [BibTex]

pdf pdf from publisher [BibTex]


Thumb xl bildschirmfoto 2013 01 16 um 10.16.16
Hierarchical Approach for Articulated 3D Pose-Estimation and Tracking (extended abstract)

Sigal, L., Black, M. J.

In Learning, Representation and Context for Human Sensing in Video Workshop (in conjunction with CVPR), 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf poster [BibTex]

pdf poster [BibTex]


Thumb xl springs2
Nonlinear physically-based models for decoding motor-cortical population activity

Shakhnarovich, G., Kim, S., Black, M. J.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 19, NIPS-2006, pages: 1257-1264, MIT Press, 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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A comparison of decoding models for imagined motion from human motor cortex

Kim, S., Simeral, J., Donoghue, J. P., Hocherberg, L. R., Friehs, G., Mukand, J. A., Chen, D., Black, M. J.

Program No. 256.11. 2006 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner, Society for Neuroscience, Atlanta, GA, 2006, Online (conference)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Thumb xl film
Denoising archival films using a learned Bayesian model

Moldovan, T. M., Roth, S., Black, M. J.

In Int. Conf. on Image Processing, ICIP, pages: 2641-2644, Atlanta, 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl bp
Efficient belief propagation with learned higher-order Markov random fields

Lan, X., Roth, S., Huttenlocher, D., Black, M. J.

In European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV, II, pages: 269-282, Graz, Austria, 2006 (inproceedings)

pdf pdf from publisher [BibTex]

pdf pdf from publisher [BibTex]


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Modeling neural control of physically realistic movement

Shaknarovich, G., Kim, S., Donoghue, J. P., Hocherberg, L. R., Friehs, G., Mukand, J. A., Chen, D., Black, M. J.

Program No. 256.12. 2006 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner, Society for Neuroscience, Atlanta, GA, 2006, Online (conference)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]

2005


Thumb xl pets 2005 copy
A quantitative evaluation of video-based 3D person tracking

Balan, A. O., Sigal, L., Black, M. J.

In The Second Joint IEEE International Workshop on Visual Surveillance and Performance Evaluation of Tracking and Surveillance, VS-PETS, pages: 349-356, October 2005 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

2005

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl embs05
Inferring attentional state and kinematics from motor cortical firing rates

Wood, F., Prabhat, , Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pages: 1544-1547, September 2005 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl arma
Motor cortical decoding using an autoregressive moving average model

Fisher, J., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pages: 1469-1472, September 2005 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl cvpr2005
Fields of Experts: A framework for learning image priors

Roth, S., Black, M. J.

In IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2, pages: 860-867, June 2005 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl iccv05roth
On the spatial statistics of optical flow

(Marr Prize, Honorable Mention)

Roth, S., Black, M. J.

In International Conf. on Computer Vision, International Conf. on Computer Vision, pages: 42-49, 2005 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl nips05
Modeling neural population spiking activity with Gibbs distributions

Wood, F., Roth, S., Black, M. J.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 18, pages: 1537-1544, 2005 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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Energy-based models of motor cortical population activity

Wood, F., Black, M.

Program No. 689.20. 2005 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner, Society for Neuroscience, Washington, DC, 2005 (conference)

abstract [BibTex]

abstract [BibTex]

2004


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Automatic spike sorting for neural decoding

Wood, F. D., Fellows, M., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pages: 4009-4012, September 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

2004

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl wuembs2004
Closed-loop neural control of cursor motion using a Kalman filter

Wu, W., Shaikhouni, A., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pages: 4126-4129, September 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl ivr04
The dense estimation of motion and appearance in layers

Yalcin, H., Black, M. J., Fablet, R.

In IEEE Workshop on Image and Video Registration, June 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl sidworkshop04
3D human limb detection using space carving and multi-view eigen models

Bhatia, S., Sigal, L., Isard, M., Black, M. J.

In IEEE Workshop on Articulated and Nonrigid Motion, June 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl cvpr2004sigal
Tracking loose-limbed people

Sigal, L., Bhatia, S., Roth, S., Black, M. J., Isard, M.

In IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1, pages: 421-428, June 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl cvpr2004roth
Gibbs likelihoods for Bayesian tracking

Roth, S., Sigal, L., Black, M. J.

In IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1, pages: 886-893, June 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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A direct brain-machine interface for 2D cursor control using a Kalman filter

Shaikhouni, A., Wu, W., Moris, D. S., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

Society for Neuroscience, 2004, Online (conference)

abstract [BibTex]

abstract [BibTex]

1992


Thumb xl arvo92
Psychophysical implications of temporal persistence in early vision: A computational account of representational momentum

Tarr, M. J., Black, M. J.

Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, Vol. 36, No. 4, 33, pages: 1050, May 1992 (conference)

abstract [BibTex]

1992

abstract [BibTex]


Thumb xl bildschirmfoto 2013 01 14 um 12.01.23
Combining intensity and motion for incremental segmentation and tracking over long image sequences

Black, M. J.

In Proc. Second European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV-92, pages: 485-493, LNCS 588, Springer Verlag, May 1992 (inproceedings)

pdf video abstract [BibTex]

pdf video abstract [BibTex]