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2009


Ball Joints for Marker-less Human Motion Capture
Ball Joints for Marker-less Human Motion Capture

Pons-Moll, G., Rosenhahn, B.

In IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV),, December 2009 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

2009

pdf [BibTex]


no image
Background Subtraction Based on Rank Constraint for Point Trajectories

Ahmad, A., Del Bue, A., Lima, P.

In pages: 1-3, October 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
This work deals with a background subtraction algorithm for a fish-eye lens camera having 3 degrees of freedom, 2 in translation and 1 in rotation. The core assumption in this algorithm is that the background is considered to be composed of a dominant static plane in the world frame. The novelty lies in developing a rank-constraint based background subtraction for equidistant projection model, a property of the fish-eye lens. A detail simulation result is presented to support the hypotheses explained in this paper.

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


Parametric Modeling of the Beating Heart with Respiratory Motion Extracted from Magnetic Resonance Images
Parametric Modeling of the Beating Heart with Respiratory Motion Extracted from Magnetic Resonance Images

Pons-Moll, G., Crosas, C., Tadmor, G., MacLeod, R., Rosenhahn, B., Brooks, D.

In IEEE Computers in Cardiology (CINC), September 2009 (inproceedings)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Computer cursor control by motor cortical signals in humans with tetraplegia
Computer cursor control by motor cortical signals in humans with tetraplegia

Kim, S., Simeral, J. D., Hochberg, L. R., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

In 7th Asian Control Conference, ASCC09, pages: 988-993, Hong Kong, China, August 2009 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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Classification of colon polyps in NBI endoscopy using vascularization features

Stehle, T., Auer, R., Gross, S., Behrens, A., Wulff, J., Aach, T., Winograd, R., Trautwein, C., Tischendorf, J.

In Medical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 7260, (Editors: N. Karssemeijer and M. L. Giger), SPIE, February 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
The evolution of colon cancer starts with colon polyps. There are two different types of colon polyps, namely hyperplasias and adenomas. Hyperplasias are benign polyps which are known not to evolve into cancer and, therefore, do not need to be removed. By contrast, adenomas have a strong tendency to become malignant. Therefore, they have to be removed immediately via polypectomy. For this reason, a method to differentiate reliably adenomas from hyperplasias during a preventive medical endoscopy of the colon (colonoscopy) is highly desirable. A recent study has shown that it is possible to distinguish both types of polyps visually by means of their vascularization. Adenomas exhibit a large amount of blood vessel capillaries on their surface whereas hyperplasias show only few of them. In this paper, we show the feasibility of computer-based classification of colon polyps using vascularization features. The proposed classification algorithm consists of several steps: For the critical part of vessel segmentation, we implemented and compared two segmentation algorithms. After a skeletonization of the detected blood vessel candidates, we used the results as seed points for the Fast Marching algorithm which is used to segment the whole vessel lumen. Subsequently, features are computed from this segmentation which are then used to classify the polyps. In leave-one-out tests on our polyp database (56 polyps), we achieve a correct classification rate of approximately 90%.

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


{One-shot scanning using de bruijn spaced grids}
One-shot scanning using de bruijn spaced grids

Ulusoy, A., Calakli, F., Taubin, G.

In Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on, pages: 1786-1792, IEEE, 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
In this paper we present a new one-shot method to reconstruct the shape of dynamic 3D objects and scenes based on active illumination. In common with other related prior-art methods, a static grid pattern is projected onto the scene, a video sequence of the illuminated scene is captured, a shape estimate is produced independently for each video frame, and the one-shot property is realized at the expense of space resolution. The main challenge in grid-based one-shot methods is to engineer the pattern and algorithms so that the correspondence between pattern grid points and their images can be established very fast and without uncertainty. We present an efficient one-shot method which exploits simple geometric constraints to solve the correspondence problem. We also introduce De Bruijn spaced grids, a novel grid pattern, and show with strong empirical data that the resulting scheme is much more robust compared to those based on uniform spaced grids.

pdf link (url) DOI [BibTex]

pdf link (url) DOI [BibTex]


On feature combination for multiclass object classification
On feature combination for multiclass object classification

Gehler, P., Nowozin, S.

In Proceedings of the Twelfth IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision, pages: 221-228, 2009, oral presentation (inproceedings)

project page, code, data GoogleScholar pdf DOI [BibTex]

project page, code, data GoogleScholar pdf DOI [BibTex]


Estimating human shape and pose from a single image
Estimating human shape and pose from a single image

Guan, P., Weiss, A., Balan, A., Black, M. J.

In Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV, pages: 1381-1388, 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We describe a solution to the challenging problem of estimating human body shape from a single photograph or painting. Our approach computes shape and pose parameters of a 3D human body model directly from monocular image cues and advances the state of the art in several directions. First, given a user-supplied estimate of the subject's height and a few clicked points on the body we estimate an initial 3D articulated body pose and shape. Second, using this initial guess we generate a tri-map of regions inside, outside and on the boundary of the human, which is used to segment the image using graph cuts. Third, we learn a low-dimensional linear model of human shape in which variations due to height are concentrated along a single dimension, enabling height-constrained estimation of body shape. Fourth, we formulate the problem of parametric human shape from shading. We estimate the body pose, shape and reflectance as well as the scene lighting that produces a synthesized body that robustly matches the image evidence. Quantitative experiments demonstrate how smooth shading provides powerful constraints on human shape. We further demonstrate a novel application in which we extract 3D human models from archival photographs and paintings.

pdf video - mov 25MB video - mp4 10MB YouTube Project Page [BibTex]

pdf video - mov 25MB video - mp4 10MB YouTube Project Page [BibTex]


Segmentation, Ordering and Multi-object Tracking Using Graphical   Models
Segmentation, Ordering and Multi-object Tracking Using Graphical Models

Wang, C., Gorce, M. D. L., Paragios, N.

In IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2009 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


no image
Evaluating the potential of primary motor and premotor cortex for mutltidimensional neuroprosthetic control of complete reaching and grasping actions

Vargas-Irwin, C. E., Yadollahpour, P., Shakhnarovich, G., Black, M. J., Donoghue, J. P.

2009 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience, 2009, Online (conference)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Modeling and Evaluation of Human-to-Robot Mapping of Grasps
Modeling and Evaluation of Human-to-Robot Mapping of Grasps

Romero, J., Kjellström, H., Kragic, D.

In International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR), pages: 1-6, 2009 (inproceedings)

Pdf [BibTex]

Pdf [BibTex]


An additive latent feature model for transparent object recognition
An additive latent feature model for transparent object recognition

Fritz, M., Black, M., Bradski, G., Karayev, S., Darrell, T.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 22, NIPS, pages: 558-566, MIT Press, 2009 (inproceedings)

pdf slides [BibTex]

pdf slides [BibTex]


Let the kernel figure it out; Principled learning of pre-processing for kernel classifiers
Let the kernel figure it out; Principled learning of pre-processing for kernel classifiers

Gehler, P., Nowozin, S.

In Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), pages: 2836-2843, IEEE Computer Society, 2009 (inproceedings)

doi project page pdf [BibTex]

doi project page pdf [BibTex]


Monocular Real-Time 3D Articulated Hand Pose Estimation
Monocular Real-Time 3D Articulated Hand Pose Estimation

Romero, J., Kjellström, H., Kragic, D.

In IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, pages: 87-92, 2009 (inproceedings)

Pdf [BibTex]

Pdf [BibTex]


Grasp Recognition and Mapping on Humanoid Robots
Grasp Recognition and Mapping on Humanoid Robots

Do, M., Romero, J., Kjellström, H., Azad, P., Asfour, T., Kragic, D., Dillmann, R.

In IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, pages: 465-471, 2009 (inproceedings)

Pdf Video [BibTex]

Pdf Video [BibTex]


4D Cardiac Segmentation of the Epicardium and Left Ventricle
4D Cardiac Segmentation of the Epicardium and Left Ventricle

Pons-Moll, G., Tadmor, G., MacLeod, R. S., Rosenhahn, B., Brooks, D. H.

In World Congress of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering (WC), 2009 (inproceedings)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Geometric Potential Force for the Deformable Model
Geometric Potential Force for the Deformable Model

Si Yong Yeo, Xianghua Xie, Igor Sazonov, Perumal Nithiarasu

In The 20th British Machine Vision Conference, pages: 1-11, 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We propose a new external force field for deformable models which can be conve- niently generalized to high dimensions. The external force field is based on hypothesized interactions between the relative geometries of the deformable model and image gradi- ents. The evolution of the deformable model is solved using the level set method. The dynamic interaction forces between the geometries can greatly improve the deformable model performance in acquiring complex geometries and highly concave boundaries, and in dealing with weak image edges. The new deformable model can handle arbi- trary cross-boundary initializations. Here, we show that the proposed method achieve significant improvements when compared against existing state-of-the-art techniques.

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Level Set Based Automatic Segmentation of Human Aorta
Level Set Based Automatic Segmentation of Human Aorta

Si Yong Yeo, Xianghua Xie, Igor Sazonov, Perumal Nithiarasu

In International Conference on Computational & Mathematical Biomedical Engineering, pages: 242-245, 2009 (inproceedings)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


In Defense of Orthonormality Constraints for Nonrigid Structure from Motion
In Defense of Orthonormality Constraints for Nonrigid Structure from Motion

Akhter, I., Sheikh, Y., Khan, S.

In Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2009. CVPR 2009. IEEE Conference on, pages: 2447-2453, 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
In factorization approaches to nonrigid structure from motion, the 3D shape of a deforming object is usually modeled as a linear combination of a small number of basis shapes. The original approach to simultaneously estimate the shape basis and nonrigid structure exploited orthonormality constraints for metric rectification. Recently, it has been asserted that structure recovery through orthonormality constraints alone is inherently ambiguous and cannot result in a unique solution. This assertion has been accepted as conventional wisdom and is the justification of many remedial heuristics in literature. Our key contribution is to prove that orthonormality constraints are in fact sufficient to recover the 3D structure from image observations alone. We characterize the true nature of the ambiguity in using orthonormality constraints for the shape basis and show that it has no impact on structure reconstruction. We conclude from our experimentation that the primary challenge in using shape basis for nonrigid structure from motion is the difficulty in the optimization problem rather than the ambiguity in orthonormality constraints.

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


no image
Dynamic distortion correction for endoscopy systems with exchangeable optics

Stehle, T., Hennes, M., Gross, S., Behrens, A., Wulff, J., Aach, T.

In Bildverarbeitung für die Medizin 2009, pages: 142-146, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Endoscopic images are strongly affected by lens distortion caused by the use of wide angle lenses. In case of endoscopy systems with exchangeable optics, e.g. in bladder endoscopy or sinus endoscopy, the camera sensor and the optics do not form a rigid system but they can be shifted and rotated with respect to each other during an examination. This flexibility has a major impact on the location of the distortion centre as it is moved along with the optics. In this paper, we describe an algorithm for the dynamic correction of lens distortion in cystoscopy which is based on a one time calibration. For the compensation, we combine a conventional static method for distortion correction with an algorithm to detect the position and the orientation of the elliptic field of view. This enables us to estimate the position of the distortion centre according to the relative movement of camera and optics. Therewith, a distortion correction for arbitrary rotation angles and shifts becomes possible without performing static calibrations for every possible combination of shifts and angles beforehand.

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


no image
Computational mechanisms for the recognition of time sequences of images in the visual cortex

Tan, C., Jhuang, H., Singer, J., Serre, T., Sheinberg, D., Poggio, T.

Society for Neuroscience, 2009 (conference)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Interactive Inverse Kinematics for Monocular Motion Estimation
Interactive Inverse Kinematics for Monocular Motion Estimation

Morten Engell-Norregaard, Soren Hauberg, Jerome Lapuyade, Kenny Erleben, Kim S. Pedersen

In The 6th Workshop on Virtual Reality Interaction and Physical Simulation (VRIPHYS), 2009 (inproceedings)

Conference site Paper site [BibTex]

Conference site Paper site [BibTex]


A Comprehensive Grasp Taxonomy
A Comprehensive Grasp Taxonomy

Feix, T., Pawlik, R., Schmiedmayer, H., Romero, J., Kragic, D.

In Robotics, Science and Systems: Workshop on Understanding the Human Hand for Advancing Robotic Manipulation, 2009 (inproceedings)

Pdf [BibTex]

Pdf [BibTex]


no image
Population coding of ground truth motion in natural scenes in the early visual system

Stanley, G., Black, M. J., Lewis, J., Desbordes, G., Jin, J., Alonso, J.

COSYNE, 2009 (conference)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Segmentation of Human Upper Airway Using a Level Set Based Deformable Model
Segmentation of Human Upper Airway Using a Level Set Based Deformable Model

Si Yong Yeo, Xianghua Xie, Igor Sazonov, Perumal Nithiarasu

In The 13th Medical Image Understanding and Analysis, 2009 (inproceedings)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Three Dimensional Monocular Human Motion Analysis in End-Effector Space
Three Dimensional Monocular Human Motion Analysis in End-Effector Space

Soren Hauberg, Jerome Lapuyade, Morten Engell-Norregaard, Kenny Erleben, Kim S. Pedersen

In Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 5681, pages: 235-248, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, (Editors: Cremers, Daniel and Boykov, Yuri and Blake, Andrew and Schmidt, Frank), Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2009 (inproceedings)

Publishers site Paper site PDF [BibTex]

Publishers site Paper site PDF [BibTex]


no image
Decoding visual motion from correlated firing of thalamic neurons

Stanley, G. B., Black, M. J., Desbordes, G., Jin, J., Wang, Y., Alonso, J.

2009 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience, 2009 (conference)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]

2004


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Automatic spike sorting for neural decoding

Wood, F. D., Fellows, M., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pages: 4009-4012, September 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

2004

pdf [BibTex]


Closed-loop neural control of cursor motion using a {Kalman} filter
Closed-loop neural control of cursor motion using a Kalman filter

Wu, W., Shaikhouni, A., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

In Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pages: 4126-4129, September 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


The dense estimation of motion and appearance in layers
The dense estimation of motion and appearance in layers

Yalcin, H., Black, M. J., Fablet, R.

In IEEE Workshop on Image and Video Registration, June 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


{3D} human limb detection using space carving and multi-view eigen models
3D human limb detection using space carving and multi-view eigen models

Bhatia, S., Sigal, L., Isard, M., Black, M. J.

In IEEE Workshop on Articulated and Nonrigid Motion, June 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Tracking loose-limbed people
Tracking loose-limbed people

Sigal, L., Bhatia, S., Roth, S., Black, M. J., Isard, M.

In IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1, pages: 421-428, June 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Gibbs likelihoods for {Bayesian} tracking
Gibbs likelihoods for Bayesian tracking

Roth, S., Sigal, L., Black, M. J.

In IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1, pages: 886-893, June 2004 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


no image
A direct brain-machine interface for 2D cursor control using a Kalman filter

Shaikhouni, A., Wu, W., Moris, D. S., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.

Society for Neuroscience, 2004, Online (conference)

abstract [BibTex]

abstract [BibTex]

2000


Stochastic tracking of {3D} human figures using {2D} image motion
Stochastic tracking of 3D human figures using 2D image motion

(Winner of the 2010 Koenderink Prize for Fundamental Contributions in Computer Vision)

Sidenbladh, H., Black, M. J., Fleet, D.

In European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV, pages: 702-718, LNCS 1843, Springer Verlag, Dublin, Ireland, June 2000 (inproceedings)

Abstract
A probabilistic method for tracking 3D articulated human figures in monocular image sequences is presented. Within a Bayesian framework, we define a generative model of image appearance, a robust likelihood function based on image gray level differences, and a prior probability distribution over pose and joint angles that models how humans move. The posterior probability distribution over model parameters is represented using a discrete set of samples and is propagated over time using particle filtering. The approach extends previous work on parameterized optical flow estimation to exploit a complex 3D articulated motion model. It also extends previous work on human motion tracking by including a perspective camera model, by modeling limb self occlusion, and by recovering 3D motion from a monocular sequence. The explicit posterior probability distribution represents ambiguities due to image matching, model singularities, and perspective projection. The method relies only on a frame-to-frame assumption of brightness constancy and hence is able to track people under changing viewpoints, in grayscale image sequences, and with complex unknown backgrounds.

pdf code [BibTex]

2000

pdf code [BibTex]


no image
Functional analysis of human motion data

Ormoneit, D., Hastie, T., Black, M. J.

In In Proc. 5th World Congress of the Bernoulli Society for Probability and Mathematical Statistics and 63rd Annual Meeting of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, Guanajuato, Mexico, May 2000 (inproceedings)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Stochastic modeling and tracking of human motion

Ormoneit, D., Sidenbladh, H., Black, M. J., Hastie, T.

Learning 2000, Snowbird, UT, April 2000 (conference)

abstract [BibTex]

abstract [BibTex]


A framework for modeling the appearance of {3D} articulated figures
A framework for modeling the appearance of 3D articulated figures

Sidenbladh, H., De la Torre, F., Black, M. J.

In Int. Conf. on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pages: 368-375, Grenoble, France, March 2000 (inproceedings)

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]

1992


Psychophysical implications of temporal persistence in early vision: A computational account of representational momentum
Psychophysical implications of temporal persistence in early vision: A computational account of representational momentum

Tarr, M. J., Black, M. J.

Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, Vol. 36, No. 4, 33, pages: 1050, May 1992 (conference)

abstract [BibTex]

1992

abstract [BibTex]


Combining intensity and motion for incremental segmentation and tracking over long image sequences
Combining intensity and motion for incremental segmentation and tracking over long image sequences

Black, M. J.

In Proc. Second European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV-92, pages: 485-493, LNCS 588, Springer Verlag, May 1992 (inproceedings)

pdf video abstract [BibTex]

pdf video abstract [BibTex]


Robust Incremental Optical Flow
Robust Incremental Optical Flow

Black, M. J.

Yale University, Department of Computer Science, New Haven, CT, 1992, Research Report YALEU-DCS-RR-923 (phdthesis)

pdf Old C code (dense) Old C code (regression) Modern Code (Matlab) [BibTex]

pdf Old C code (dense) Old C code (regression) Modern Code (Matlab) [BibTex]

1991


Dynamic motion estimation and feature extraction over long image sequences
Dynamic motion estimation and feature extraction over long image sequences

Black, M. J., Anandan, P.

In Proc. IJCAI Workshop on Dynamic Scene Understanding, Sydney, Australia, August 1991 (inproceedings)

[BibTex]

1991

[BibTex]


Robust dynamic motion estimation over time
Robust dynamic motion estimation over time

(IEEE Computer Society Outstanding Paper Award)

Black, M. J., Anandan, P.

In Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR-91,, pages: 296-302, Maui, Hawaii, June 1991 (inproceedings)

Abstract
This paper presents a novel approach to incrementally estimating visual motion over a sequence of images. We start by formulating constraints on image motion to account for the possibility of multiple motions. This is achieved by exploiting the notions of weak continuity and robust statistics in the formulation of the minimization problem. The resulting objective function is non-convex. Traditional stochastic relaxation techniques for minimizing such functions prove inappropriate for the task. We present a highly parallel incremental stochastic minimization algorithm which has a number of advantages over previous approaches. The incremental nature of the scheme makes it truly dynamic and permits the detection of occlusion and disocclusion boundaries.

pdf video abstract [BibTex]

pdf video abstract [BibTex]