A freely-moving monkey treadmill model

2014

Article

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Objective: Motor neuroscience and brain-machine interface (BMI) design is based on examining how the brain controls voluntary movement, typically by recording neural activity and behavior from animal models. Recording technologies used with these animal models have traditionally limited the range of behaviors that can be studied, and thus the generality of science and engineering research. We aim to design a freely-moving animal model using neural and behavioral recording technologies that do not constrain movement. Approach: We have established a freely-moving rhesus monkey model employing technology that transmits neural activity from an intracortical array using a head-mounted device and records behavior through computer vision using markerless motion capture. We demonstrate the excitability and utility of this new monkey model, including the fi rst recordings from motor cortex while rhesus monkeys walk quadrupedally on a treadmill. Main results: Using this monkey model, we show that multi-unit threshold-crossing neural activity encodes the phase of walking and that the average ring rate of the threshold crossings covaries with the speed of individual steps. On a population level, we find that neural state-space trajectories of walking at diff erent speeds have similar rotational dynamics in some dimensions that evolve at the step rate of walking, yet robustly separate by speed in other state-space dimensions. Significance: Freely-moving animal models may allow neuroscientists to examine a wider range of behaviors and can provide a flexible experimental paradigm for examining the neural mechanisms that underlie movement generation across behaviors and environments. For BMIs, freely-moving animal models have the potential to aid prosthetic design by examining how neural encoding changes with posture, environment, and other real-world context changes. Understanding this new realm of behavior in more naturalistic settings is essential for overall progress of basic motor neuroscience and for the successful translation of BMIs to people with paralysis.

Author(s): Foster, Justin and Nuyujukian, Paul and Freifeld, Oren and Gao, Hua and Walker, Ross and Ryu, Stephen and Meng, Teresa and Murmann, B and Black, Michael and Shenoy, Krishna
Journal: J. of Neural Engineering
Volume: 11
Number (issue): 4
Pages: 046020
Year: 2014

Department(s): Perceiving Systems
Research Project(s): Markerless Animal Motion Capture
Bibtex Type: Article (article)
Paper Type: Journal

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1741-2560/11/4/046020

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BibTex

@article{Foster:JNE:2014,
  title = {A freely-moving monkey treadmill model},
  author = {Foster, Justin and Nuyujukian, Paul and Freifeld, Oren and Gao, Hua and Walker, Ross and Ryu, Stephen and Meng, Teresa and Murmann, B and Black, Michael and Shenoy, Krishna},
  journal = {J. of Neural Engineering},
  volume = {11},
  number = {4},
  pages = {046020},
  year = {2014}
}